What are the symptoms and curability of prostate cancer?

“Prostate cancer” is a disease in which the cells of the prostate become cancerous and grow abnormally. The earlier it is found, the higher the cure rate, so the point is how early it can be found. If you are a senior generation, try to find out early by having a medical examination or an early consultation.

prostate cancer
prostate cancer

“Prostate cancer” is cancer peculiar to men.
The risk increases with age, and it is one of the cancers of concern to the senior generation.

Prostate cancer may not be as often heard as other cancers. However, the number of patients is increasing in Japan, where the population is aging. Early detection and prevention are of important illnesses because there are no subjective symptoms.

This time, we will tell you about the characteristics of prostate cancer, treatment methods, and tips for early detection.

What is prostate cancer? The surprisingly high number of morbidity

“Prostate cancer” is a disease in which the cells of the prostate become cancerous and grow abnormally.
The prostate is an organ found only in men. It is located below the bladder and surrounds the urethra.

According to the National Cancer Center, it was the most common cancer disease among men in 2018 and the fifth most common cancer among men and women. It can be said to be one of the high-risk cancers.

Prostate cancer becomes more prevalent as we get older. According to the National Cancer Center, the morbidity rate gradually increases from around the age of 50, especially after the age of 75.
The cause of prostate cancer is not clear, but this data shows that aging is involved. Some researchers believe that age-related changes in androgens are involved.

Does Prostate Cancer Become Cancer from Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia?

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Is A Common Prostate Disease. This Disease Compresses The Urethra By Enlarging The Prostate Gland, Causing Symptoms Such As Frequent Urination And Feeling Of Incontinence.
You May Think It’S Similar To Prostate Cancer, But Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Does Not Become Cancerous. However, it may be associated with prostate cancer.

The causes of prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia that seem to be similar diseases have something in common, such as “the risk increases with age” and “the symptoms include dysuria (frequent urination, feeling of residual urination, etc.)”. It also has something to do with it.

Urination problems occur with age, with or without illness. Therefore, some people give up if there is no choice, but it is not possible to know whether the cause of the symptoms is illness without a doctor’s diagnosis. If you have any symptoms that you are interested in, see a urologist.

Prostate cancer symptoms and treatments. What is the probability of healing?

Here, we will explain the symptoms and treatment of prostate cancer, and the prognosis of concern.

Symptoms

In most cases, there are no subjective symptoms in the early stages. As the condition progresses, dysuria may appear. Prostate cancer progresses relatively slowly.

Treatment

Make a selection in consultation with your doctor, taking into consideration the degree of cancer progression and the age of the patient.

Surveillance therapy

This is a method of follow-up without surgery or treatment such as medicine. Follow-up involves regular blood tests (PSA levels) and prostate biopsies (collecting and testing prostate tissue) to check the progress of cancer.
Surveillance therapy is given when the cancer is low in malignancy and does not affect lifespan without treatment, but if it is determined that treatment is necessary, switch to another treatment.

Surgery

Surgery to remove the prostate. There are laparoscopic surgery as well as open surgery.

Drug therapy

It uses drugs that suppress the action of male hormones and suppresses the progression of cancer.

Chemotherapy (anticancer drug)

An anticancer drug is given to the body by intravenous drip or oral medicine to make the cancer cells smaller.

Radiation therapy

X-rays destroy cancer cells and treat them

Prognosis (prostate cancer course, possibility of cure)

Prostate cancer is one of the best cancers with a good prognosis.
The graph below shows the 5-year relative survival rate. According to this, the survival rate is 100% in the case of localized (cancer stays in the prostate), 99.2% It has metastasized to a certain organ or lymph node), and the result was 53.4%.

The more advanced cancer, the worse the prognosis, but it turns out that it is more likely to be cured in the early stages.

Drawing based on information from the National Cancer Center Cancer Information Service ” Statistical Information on Cancer Type Prostate “

Early detection is important! Things to watch out for in your daily life

Prostate cancer often has no subjective symptoms and is difficult to notice by yourself. However, it is also cancer that is likely to be cured if it can be detected early. Therefore, it is important to have a medical examination and receive treatment at an early stage.

Prostate cancer screening is not included in municipal-based screening based on the guidelines of the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare, such as gastric cancer and cervical cancer. For this reason, you will have to pay for the screening yourself, but some local governments promote prostate cancer screening on their own and bear part of the cost. If you want to have a prostate cancer screening, you should check the response of your local government.

By the way, in prostate cancer screening, a blood test is performed to see the PSA level. PSA stands for “Prostate-Specific Antigen” and refers to the protein secreted by the prostate. If you have prostate cancer, your PSA levels will be high and you will be able to notice them even if you have no symptoms. If the PSA level is abnormal, a biopsy or ultrasonography will be done to make a definitive diagnosis.

Dysuria is a common symptom of benign prostatic hyperplasia and aging. Don’t leave it as “maybe it’s because of your mind” or “let’s see what’s going on because you’re not so troubled”, but go to the hospital.

At this time, there is no definite preventive method for prostate cancer. Therefore, it is a preventive method that can be done now by reviewing lifestyle habits according to general cancer prevention methods.

According to the National Cancer Center (*), there are six points to prevent cancer: smoking cessation, saving alcohol, eating habits, physical activity, maintaining proper weight, and infection. The five other than “infection” are related to lifestyle-related diseases.

no smoking

If you have a smoking habit, please try to quit smoking. Even if you don’t smoke yourself, you will be affected by cigarettes by sidestream smoke. If your family is smoking, think together about how you can quit smoking and take action. One way is to use the “non-smoking outpatient department”.

sobriety

Drinking a small amount of alcohol also improves blood circulation, but habitually drinking a large amount of alcohol can be a risk factor for cancer. When you drink alcohol, try to keep it in a small amount.

Eating habits

Be conscious of eating a lot of vegetable foods (vegetables, legumes, fruits, etc.). Also, be aware that taking too much salt can cause not only cancer but also high blood pressure and arteriosclerosis.

Physical activity

Moderate exercise has been shown to reduce the risk of cancer. Many people may not be able to exercise because they are busy with work and housework, but please be aware that you will move as much as possible in your life.

Maintaining proper weight

Obesity poses a risk of lifestyle-related diseases such as cancer and high blood pressure. Try to maintain the right weight for yourself by eating the eighth minute of your stomach and exercising moderately.

I’ve introduced a lot of preventative measures, but it’s hard to make them all perfect. Start with what you can and try to reduce the risk as much as possible.

summary

Prostate cancer is cancer that has a high chance of being cured. The earlier it is found, the higher the cure rate, so the point is how early it can be found. If you are a senior generation, try to find out early by having a medical examination or an early consultation.

At the same time, it is important to review your usual lifestyle. Be aware of a healthy life and help prevent prostate cancer.

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