What Is Coping That Relieves Stress? Explain The Meaning And Practice Method

 What is coping that relieves stress? 

What Is Coping That Relieves Stress? Explain The Meaning And Practice Method

Coping is a term that means dealing with the source of stress well. You can expect not only stress such as work but also relief of stress and sadness caused by the loss of a loved one. In this article, we will introduce the meaning and necessity of coping, the types of coping, specific practices, and the relationship with stress tolerance.

Understanding coping from the mechanism of stress

Everyone feels a lot of stress when they are alive. Sometimes the loss of a loved one can cause stress. Coping is the process of coping with the stress you receive in a variety of situations. First, I will explain the meaning, necessity, and origin of coping, including the mechanism by which people feel stress.

Stress induces depression and frustration. In fact, we know that it is composed of the following three elements.
The first is the “stressor” that is the source of stress. The stimulus of this makes people feel stressed. For example, stressors include unpleasant bosses, relationships, worsening economic conditions, and changes in the environment.
The second is our “cognition”. After recognizing that it is “stress,” people unknowingly decide for themselves whether they can deal with it. First, think about how to deal with it, and whether it is feasible, and if you can clear both, the stress will be relieved. However, if it is judged that it is difficult to deal with only one of them, the stress will increase further.
The third is the “stress response” that appears in the mind and body. By continuing to recognize stress, various stress reactions occur in the mind and body, such as depression, palpitation, and frustration.

Meaning and necessity of stress coping

Stress coping is the task of firmly recognizing the flow of stress and thinking about how to deal with it. Chronic overstress can have a number of negative effects on the body and mind. I think stress coping is useful for maintaining physical and mental health and living positively.

Origin of coping

Coping is derived from the English word cope (= coping) and was proposed by American psychologist Lazarus. Originally treated as a mental health term, stress coping has become widespread due to corporate initiatives. It is now a commonly used term.

There are three main types of coping

According to the definition of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, coping is roughly divided into the problem-focused type and emotion-focused type. In this article, we have classified them into three categories based on the definition of the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare, but with the addition of stress-relieving coping that refreshes the mood.
The first problem-focused coping eliminates stress from the root cause. The second emotion-focused coping is useful when you want to switch your feelings about the cause. And the third stress-relieving coping is suitable when you want to get rid of the cause and refresh yourself. Please check which one is right for you now.

1. Problem-focused coping

It is a method of working on the stressor itself and aiming for a solution. We aim to eliminate the cause of stress from the root and eliminate the stress that we are feeling.
<Example of coping>
  • I’m worried about relationships in the workplace: take the plunge and change jobs
  • I’m busy with work deadlines: ask a sales representative to review the schedule
If you know how to deal with stress but cannot put it into practice, it can be stressful. In addition, there are cases where people around us are involved in actions to improve the environment. This can lead to worsening relationships, so it may be difficult.

2. Affect-focused coping

Instead of working on the stressor itself, it’s a way to change your way of thinking and feeling about it. We aim to eliminate it by controlling our emotions and having someone talk about our stress and worries. This emotion-focused coping is a good way to relieve the stress of the sadness of losing a loved one.
<Example of coping>
  • Ask a good friend or family member to talk about and accept the current painful feelings
  • Take some time away from problems and stress and settle down
Emotion-focused coping is not a fundamental solution to the problem because it is not a way to eliminate the cause of stress. When aiming for a fundamental solution, it is important to work on improving the environment and alleviating mental distress while also performing problem-focused coping.

3. Stress-relieving coping

This is a way to relieve and release the stress you feel at work or in your private life. It can be divided into “distraction type” and “relaxation type”.
<Example of distraction type coping>
  • Listen to your favorite music
  • Eat delicious food
  • Enjoy shopping
  • go to the hot springs
<Example of relaxation type coping>
  • Do yoga
  • Get a massage
  • Enjoy aromatherapy
As you can see from these examples, stress-relieving coping is often done unconsciously when stress is felt. You can relieve stress by listening to your heart and working on what you want to do now.

How to practice coping right now

Once you have an overview of coping, it’s time to put it into practice. Here, we will explain the coping method in an easy-to-understand manner.

1. Write down your stress

First of all, I will start by writing down the stress I am having now on paper. Understanding what you are stressed about makes it easier for you to think about specific ways to deal with it. At this time, the trick is to objectively write down yourself.

2. Think about how to relieve stress and how to refresh

Next, I will think about how to relieve the stress I wrote down and how to refresh. The more methods you have, the better, so don’t think deeply and write down more and more with the goal of 100.
After exporting, organize the contents and make a coping list. The point at this time is to embody the content, such as “get a friend A to listen to you.” If you can do that, you can just replace friend A with another friend B and say, “Get friend B to listen to you.” Even if you “listen to the story”, the reaction should be different depending on the other party. Therefore, by counting the same content but different refresh methods, the lineup of coping lists will increase and it will be easier to approach the target of 100.

3. Observe yourself objectively when you feel stressed

Objectively observe what kind of stress reaction appears in your mind and body when you feel stress at work or in private. Try to memorize or record the reactions that occur at that time, such as hand tremor, increased blood pressure, abdominal pain, or depression.
When people are stressed, they tend to be dominated by sadness and frustration. In such a case, you can improve your coping skills by objectively grasping what you are feeling.

4. Practice the solution method that you have thought about in advance

It is important to deal with stress as soon as possible and not to accumulate it. We recommend that you always carry the coping list created in steps 1 and 2 above. Then, if you feel stressed, take out the coping list and practice the stress relieving method and refreshing method written out.

5. Verify that stress has decreased through a series of steps

Finally, consider whether practicing 1 to 4 actually reduced your stress. Even if it does not suddenly become zero, if you feel that the stress has decreased significantly, you can judge that the solution method / refresh method you have tried is effective. If you feel that your stress hasn’t been relieved too much, you may want to continue with the method you are trying or try another method.
In this way, repeat the cycle of “objectively observing stress → thinking about and practicing how to relieve and refresh → check the degree of stress reduction”. By doing so, your coping skills should gradually improve.

Stress tolerance and coping

Each person has his or her own personality and feelings, and it can be said that the tolerance to stress is ten people. Even people with low-stress tolerance can improve their stress tolerance by continuing coping. Here, we will introduce the relationship between coping and stress tolerance.

What is stress tolerance?

As the name implies, stress tolerance means “the ability to withstand stress.” How well can you adapt and deal with the stress you feel? It also refers to the level of tolerability, and is expressed as “high/low stress tolerance”.

Are people with high-stress tolerance coping?

In general, people with high-stress tolerance are divided into the following two types, and many people have common characteristics.
<Types of people with high-stress tolerance>
  1. A type that has flexibility in cognitive evaluation (how to perceive things) and does not feel dissatisfaction as much stress
  2. A type that has the basics of stress coping and does not accumulate much stress
<Characteristics of people with high-stress tolerance>
  • Positive
  • Acknowledge and accept yourself
  • Self-paced and optimistic
It is not easy to change the cognitive evaluation, but even those who are not highly tolerant of stress will naturally learn how to relieve stress and how to refresh by repeating the stress-coping introduced and will be able to respond well.

Practice coping from today to relieve stress little by little

Having someone close to you listen to you is part of coping. Write down the stress you feel on a piece of paper, start by creating a coping list, and gradually relieve your pain.

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